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Bed bug bites are itchy, swollen, red bumps usually appearing on the legs and shoulders. They are similar to flea or mosquito bites, can be irritating and can give rise to complications and skin problems associated with profuse scratching, thereby requiring bed bug bites treatment.

The effect of bed bug bites differ from one person to another. Some people may see no reaction at all. Some individuals, on the other hand, may be allergic to the bugs and can experience extreme reactions such as painful and enlarged bite marks and on very rare occasions – anaphylaxis.

What Are Bed Bugs?

Bed bugs are tiny, brownish, and oval-shaped insects. With a length of only one-half centimeter, they are hard to recognize. Belonging to the Cimicidae family, bed bugs are considered parasites that prey on hosts, which include human, animals, and birds. Nocturnal in nature, they move around and feed at night, which is why people usually notice the bite marks when they wake up in the morning.

How Do Bed Bugs Bite?

An initial bite of a bed bug does not usually hurt. This is because they inject an anesthetic and anticoagulant compound into the skin. These compounds eliminate pain and itching, which is usually associated with other insect bites. Only when the anesthetic and anticoagulant wears down, usually several hours to days after, does one start to feel and see the symptoms of the bite.

The initial bite marks start as large bumps on the skin. They slowly shrink before disappearing. You can be sure your bites come from bed bugs when they seem to form a straight line. Other insects leave marks on several parts of the body.

Traditional Treatments for Bed Bug Bites

While bite marks do not pose a serious health threat, they can be very annoying and irritating on the skin. Because of this, you may want to try different forms of bed bug bites treatment.

Here are some treatments that you can choose from:

Calamine lotion – Calamine is an antipruritic lotion that helps reduce mild itching conditions brought about by insect bites, rashes, eczema and the like.

Cortisone and Hydrocortisone cream – These topical corticosteroids reduce inflammation caused by skin irritations.

Topical anesthetic that contains pramoxine – Topical anesthetics numb the skin and reduce the itchy and painful sensation caused by the bite marks.

Antihistamine (Benadryl, Ibuprofen, Naproxen) – Antihistamines inhibit the release of histamine, the compound that triggers the inflammatory response in the body.

Home Made Formulas for Treating Bed Bug Bites

If you feel uncomfortable going to the drugstore to purchase the over the counter medications, you may opt to utilize the home remedies for bed bug bites.

Some of the effective treatments are the following:

Aromatic herbs and spices – Many aromatic herbs and spices posses natural occurring compounds that soothe and reduce itching. Mint, red pepper, black pepper, and black walnut are some herbs that can be used to treat bed bug bites.

Baking soda and water – Baking soda is an all-around natural treatment. Mix baking soda and water to produce thick paste. Rub the paste onto the affected area. Leave it there for few hours while waiting for it to dry. Rinse it off using warm water.

Lemon Juice – Apply lemon juice on your bites. Wash it off after one hour.

Ice Packs – Ice application can numb the skin and minimize inflammation. Clean the affected area with soap and water. Rub ice to lessen swelling.

These are just some things you can do to reduce the symptoms of bed bug bites. Choose from any of this at-home or over the counter bed bug bites treatment and get instant relief right away. For more info contact a affordable pest control company in Canberra.

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